World War I ended when the Treaty of Versailles was signed on June 28, 1919, in the Palace of Versailles outside the town of Versailles, France. Actual fighting ceased seven months earlier when an armistice between the Allied nations and Germany went into effect on the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month. For that reason, November 11, 1918, is generally regarded as the end of “the war to end all wars.”
In November 1919, President Wilson proclaimed November 11 as the first commemoration of Armistice Day with these words:
“To us in America, the reflections of Armistice Day will be filled with solemn pride in the heroism of those who died in the country’s service and with gratitude for the victory, both because of the thing from which it has freed us and because of the opportunity it has given America to show her sympathy with peace and justice in the councils of the nations…”
Originally Armistice Day was to be observed with parades and public meetings, and a brief suspension of business beginning at 11:00 a.m.
Congress officially recognized the end of World War I when it passed a concurrent resolution on June 4, 1926:
Whereas the 11th of November 1918, marked the cessation of the most destructive, sanguinary, and far reaching war in human annals and the resumption by the people of the United States of peaceful relations with other nations, which we hope may never again be severed, and
Whereas it is fitting that the recurring anniversary of this date should be commemorated with thanksgiving and prayer and exercises designed to perpetuate peace through good will and mutual understanding between nations; and
Whereas the legislatures of twenty-seven of our States have already declared November 11 to be a legal holiday: Therefore be it Resolved by the Senate (the House of Representatives concurring), that the President of the United States is requested to issue a proclamation calling upon the officials to display the flag of the United States on all Government buildings on November 11 and inviting the people of the United States to observe the day in schools and churches, or other suitable places, with appropriate ceremonies of friendly relations with all other peoples.
An Act (52 Stat. 351; 5 U. S. Code, Sec. 87a) approved May 13, 1938, made the 11th of November in each year a legal holiday—a day to be dedicated to the cause of world peace and to be thereafter celebrated and known as “Armistice Day.” Originally a day set aside to honor veterans of World War I, after World War II had required the greatest mobilization of soldiers, sailors, Marines and airmen in the Nation’s history, & after American forces had fought aggression in Korea, the 83rd Congress, at the urging of the veterans service organizations, amended the Act of 1938 by striking out the word “Armistice” and inserting in its place the word “Veterans.” With the approval of this legislation (Public Law 380) on June 1, 1954, November 11th became a day to honor American veterans of all wars.
Later that same year, on October 8th, President Dwight D. Eisenhower issued the a proclamation which stated:
“In order to insure proper and widespread observance of this anniversary, all veterans, all veterans’ organizations, and the entire citizenry will wish to join hands in the common purpose. Toward this end, I am designating the Administrator of Veterans’ Affairs as Chairman of a Veterans Day National Committee, which shall include such other persons as the Chairman may select, and which will coordinate at the national level necessary planning for the observance. I am also requesting the heads of all departments and agencies of the Executive branch of the Government to assist the National Committee in every way possible.”
President Eisenhower signing HR7786, changing Armistice Day to Veterans Day.
Veterans Day is still observed on November 11, regardless of what day of the week on which it falls.
|Display your Flag at Halfstaff from Sunrise to Sunset|
In 2001, Patriot Day was added to the Flag Holidays listed in section 174 of the US Flag Code. On December 18, 2001, President Bush signed Public Law No: 107-89, designating September 11th as Patriot Day. State and local governments and the people of the United States are asked to observe Patriot Day with appropriate programs and activities to honor the individuals who lost their lives as a result of the terrorist attacks on that date in 2001.
The day has also been designated as a day that the US flag should be flown at half-staff from sunrise to sundown, not just until noon as is done on Memorial Day. In addition the people of the United States are asked to observe a moment of silence on Patriot Day in remembrance of the victims.
Many people have asked if Government offices, schools, banks, etc. will be closed on that day. We don’t have that information at this time but as decisions are made we will keep you informed.
Patriot Day should not be confused with Patriot’s Day, a regional holiday celebrated in New England on the third Monday in April which commemorates Paul Revere’s ride and the battle of Lexington & Concord during the Revolutionary War. The Boston Marathon is run on Patriot’s Day every year.
If you are hoping to attend a sporting event with a lot of team spirit, there is nothing quite like an NFL or college football game, particularly in the heart of “football country.” Cities like Philadelphia and Boston have some of the craziest fans imaginable and it’s not uncommon for season ticket-holders to spend the entire day and night out at game-related events. It starts with the tailgate, which often involves outdoor grills, terrific food and lots of beer drinking. Tailgaters can be seen wearing their team colors proudly from head to toe but you don’t have to paint your face in team colors to show true team spirit; most teams offer a wide selection of team flags, banners and pennants for sale as well.
How long has it been since you’ve purchased a new flag? Was it before people started shopping on the web? Perhaps this is the first time you’ve searched for USA flags for sale. If you are unfamiliar with the traditions behind the American flag, now might be a good time to brush up on the history and symbolism of the flag. Not that this is a requirement for new flag owners, but as a history buff I never miss an opportunity to help a fellow American develop a greater appreciation for the Stars and Stripes.
If there was ever a season for patriotism, this is it. Memorial Day is closely followed by Flag Day and then Independence Day, which means you will be seeing a lot more flags flying in every neighborhood. But many people are taking the patriotic spirit to a new level by collecting historical flags of the United States. Here are just a few examples of the flags that are most commonly requested by collectors who visit FlagPro.com.
The Star-Spangled Banner (1795) – This iconic flag became the official flag of the United States on May 1st of 1795, when two new stars were added for Vermont and Kentucky. The only flag to have more than 13 stripes, this historical banner was used for 23 years. It was the Star – Spangled Banner that was made into an oversized “garrison” flag during the War of 1812 just to be sure that the British would have no difficulty seeing it from a distance. During the bombardment of Fort McHenry, it was this large 30-foot tall version of the flag that inspired Francis Scott Key to write the famous anthem, “The Star-Spangled Banner.”
Summer is just around the corner, and it’s time to start preparing your home for patriotic holidays. Before you know it, you will be firing up the barbecue grill and slicing watermelon for a Fourth of July gathering, but don’t forget to check the condition of your American flags. Flags that are hung out side for most of the summer can get weather-beaten and faded. They can look too shabby to display, yet many people are reluctant to dispose of them.
Have you ever wondered why there are so many antiques and “collectibles” shops in every major city? If you’re not prone to collecting, it’s hard to imagine why so many people tend to be collectors at heart. But there is something very American about collecting memorabilia, and one of the more popular collections is college flags and university pennants. Just stop into your local sports bar or family restaurant and you are bound to see a collection of pop culture memorabilia on the walls, which invariably includes at least a couple college flags.
No matter where you went to school; a major university or a small-town college, there is nothing quite like college school spirit. Whether it’s the sports fans waving college banners at the big game, or a proud parent displaying college flags in a basement game room, there is a place for this kind of collecting in every family.
As the prime boating season approaches, boat owners everywhere start to look for new sailing and nautical flags. If you’re not familiar with the signals that are used to communicate between marine vessels or from ship to shore, it may help to learn about the internationally recognized signals that sailors routinely use. Of course, not every boat owner will communicate with other boats with a system of flags, but traditional boating flags are still popular among larger yacht owners.
What type of information is exchanged using boating flags? Believe it or not, a system of flags can be used to communicate requests for assistance, important news and information about hazards. Also known as signaling flags, these colorful banners are particularly popular in international waters where language barriers might prevent intelligible radio transmissions.
Well, it looks like spring is finally here and the homeowner’s focus has turned to the outdoors. After removing all the dead leaves and mulching the flower beds, it’s time to dust off the barbecue grill and unfurl the flag for another season. It may even be time for some new flags. But are you sure your flags are made in America? An alarming number of American flags are no longer “made in the USA,” and if there is one item where patriotism trumps price, it is the good old “Stars and Stripes.”
According to an article published in the Cleveland Plain Dealer (July 29, 2011), the U.S. Senate unanimously voted that any American flags bought with U.S. tax dollars must be made entirely in America. The bill, which was sponsored by Senator Sherrod Brown (OH) is important to national flag makers like the Advertising Flag Company (www.FlagPro.com) and many other U.S.-based flag manufacturers. In an effort to support flags made in America, the federal government will only buy flags from certified small enterprises based in the United States.