The flag of Azerbaijan consists of three horizontal stripes of equal width – the top stripe is blue, the middle one is red, and the bottom one is green. In the center of the flag, there is a white crescent and eight-pointed star.
The blue stripe on the flag represents the Turkic heritage of Azerbaijan, while the red stripe represents progress and development. The green stripe represents Islam and the country’s natural resources, particularly its forests. The crescent and star are traditional symbols of Islam and are also commonly found on the flags of many Muslim countries.
The current design of the Azerbaijani flag was adopted on February 5, 1991, after Azerbaijan declared its independence from the Soviet Union. The design was created by a group of Azerbaijani artists and intellectuals, led by the prominent writer Akram Aylisli.