The flag of Western Samoa (now officially known as Samoa) features a red field with a blue rectangle in the upper left quadrant. The blue rectangle contains five white, five-pointed stars representing the Southern Cross constellation. The red background symbolizes courage, while the white stars represent purity and Samoa’s aspirations for unity among its people. The blue rectangle represents freedom, and its position in the upper left corner is a nod to the influence of the United States on the country.