The flag of Egypt consists of three horizontal bands of equal width, from top to bottom: red, white, and black. The emblem of the eagle of Saladin with a shield superimposed on its chest is in the center of the white band. The eagle is looking towards the hoist side of the flag, which means that it is facing towards the viewer’s left. The shield bears the golden eagle of the pharaohs, a traditional symbol of royalty and power in ancient Egypt.
During the monarchy, the red band symbolizes the period of rule in Egypt. The white band represents the 1952 revolution that overthrew the monarchy and established a republic. The black band represents the end of the oppressive monarchy.