Three equally wide horizontal stripes characterize the flag of Estonia. The top and bottom stripes are blue, symbolizing the sky and the sea, while the middle stripe is black, signifying the soil and the nation’s resolve to protect its land.
Adopted in 1918, after WWI, upon Estonia’s declaration of independence from Russia. The flag has served as a national emblem for Estonia ever since. Over the years, there have been slight adjustments to the shade of blue. However, the fundamental design remains unchanged. It stands as a proud symbol of Estonian identity and the country’s enduring commitment to sovereignty and self-determination.