The flag of Indonesia, known as Sang Saka Merah Putih, consists of two horizontal bands of equal size: a red upper band and a white lower band. These colors have historical and cultural significance for the citizens. The red stripe symbolizes courage and bravery, while the white stripe represents purity and honesty.
The flag’s design reflects the nation’s struggle for independence and its aspirations for unity and prosperity. Indonesia officially adopted it on August 17, 1945, coinciding with its declaration of independence from Dutch colonial rule. The people proudly display the flag across the archipelago, embodying their spirit of resilience and national identity.