The flag of Jordan features three horizontal bands. The top and bottom bands both bear red coloring, while a black trapezoid adorns the hoist side of the white middle band. A small white seven-pointed star occupies the center of the black trapezoid.
The red bands represent the Hashemite dynasty and the sacrifices made by Jordan’s soldiers. The white band represents the Umayyad dynasty, which ruled during the Arab Islamic Empire’s golden age. The black trapezoid represents the Abassid dynasty, which ruled after the Umayyad dynasty. The seven-pointed star represents the seven verses of the first surah (chapter) in the Islamic holy book, the Quran.