The flag of Mali consists of three vertical stripes of green, yellow, and red, with the green stripe on the hoist side, yellow in the middle, and red on the fly side. These colors hold significant symbolism: green represents hope, fertility, and the country’s lush vegetation. The yellow signifies the Sahara Desert, which dominates northern Mali, as well as the nation’s mineral wealth. Finally the red symbolizes the bloodshed during the struggle for independence and the continued fight for sovereignty.

The flag’s design reflects Mali’s geographical and historical attributes. It represents its natural landscapes, cultural heritage, and the resilience of its people in the face of adversity.