The flag of the Philippines, adopted on June 12, 1898, symbolizes the nation’s struggle for independence and its rich history. It consists of a horizontal bicolor of blue and red, with a white equilateral triangle on the hoist side. The blue stripe symbolizes peace, truth, and justice, while the red stripe represents patriotism and valor. The white triangle stands for equality and fraternity among the country’s citizens. At the center of the triangle is a golden sun with eight rays, each representing the first eight provinces that led the Philippines Revolution against Spanish colonization. The flag embodies the Filipino people’s aspirations for freedom, democracy, and unity.