The flag of Poland, known as “Bandera,” consists of two horizontal stripes of equal width: white on top and red on the bottom. Its design, adopted on August 1, 1919, embodies Poland’s national colors, which have deep historical and patriotic significance. The white color symbolizes peace and purity. Red represents courage, valor, and the blood shed by Polish soldiers throughout history. These colors have been an integral part of Polish identity and culture for centuries. They have endured through periods of struggle and triumph. The flag serves as a powerful emblem of Polish heritage, resilience, and the nation’s enduring spirit of independence and freedom.