The flag of Portugal, adopted in 1911, boasts a unique design with a rich historical and cultural significance. Its predominant colors, green and red, hold deep symbolic meaning. The green represents hope and the country’s lush vegetation. The vibrant red stands for the blood shed by those who fought for Portugal’s independence. The flag’s distinctive feature is the national coat of arms. A shield with five blue shields arranged in a cross pattern, each bearing five small white dots, composes it. Above the shield is a gold armillary sphere. Below it is a banner with the country’s motto, “Esta é a ditosa pátria minha amada” (This is my beloved happy homeland).