The flag of Eswatini, formerly known as Swaziland, consists of five horizontal stripes. The colors blue, red, yellow, blue, and green arrange the stripes from top to bottom. Centered on the red stripe is a black and white Nguni shield with spears, symbolizing protection and the country’s traditional warrior culture. Above the shield rests an ornamental staff with feathers, known as the “lijele.” Swazi monarchs carry it during important ceremonies. The blue stripes represent peace and stability, while the red symbolizes the battles fought for freedom. Yellow signifies the country’s resources and the vibrant culture of its people, and green represents the fertile land of Eswatini.