The flag of Syria consists of three horizontal stripes: red, white, and black, with two green stars in the white band. The red band represents the blood shed by those who fought for independence. The white band symbolizes purity and peace. The black band signifies Syria’s dark past under the Umayyad Caliphate. The two green stars represent Syria and Egypt, united in the short-lived United Arab Republic. Syria adopted its flag in 1980. It replaced the previous design to emphasize Syria’s Arab identity and its historical ties within the Arab world. It serves as a symbol of national pride and unity for the Syrian people.