The flag of Turkey, known as the “al bayrak” in Turkish, consists of a red background with a white star and crescent in the center. The red color represents valor and martyrdom, reflecting the sacrifices made during Turkey’s struggle for independence. Symbols associated with Islam, the white star and crescent have been used for centuries, symbolizing guidance and enlightenment. The design of the flag dates back to the Ottoman Empire. The crescent and star held significant cultural and religious meaning. Today, the Turkish flag serves as a proud emblem of the nation’s identity, unity, and heritage. It represents the principles of democracy and secularism.