The flag of Yemen features three horizontal stripes of equal width of red, white, and black – from top to bottom. The red stripe symbolizes the bloodshed by those who fought for Yemen’s independence and the unity of its people. The white stripe represents purity and peace, reflecting Yemen’s aspirations for harmony and tranquility. The black stripe embodies the country’s dark past and the challenges it has overcome, signifying the nation’s strength and resilience. In the center of the flag is a vertical red stripe with a white dagger, known as the “janbiya,” symbolizing Yemen heritage of courage, freedom, and sovereignty.